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HomeCountriesCentral Africa › Sao Tome and Principe

Sao Tome and Principe Country AET Profile

About Sao Tome and Principe

The school system before independence was basically that of Portugal. Schooling is compulsory for four years only. Primary education is for four years and secondary has two stages: the first five years are followed by two more years.

The MLSTP government has declared universal primary education to be a priority. In 1990, adult literacy was estimated at 57%. As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 3.6% of GDP.

Plantation agriculture has long dominated the economy of the islands. In 1998, there were 39,000 ha (96,400 acres) of farmland planted with permanent crops and just 2,000 ha (4,900 acres) planted with seasonal crops. Before nationalization in 1975, private companies owned more than 80% of the arable land. Their plantations were managed by São Tomé mestiços, Cape Verdeans, and São Tomé Europeans. The rest of the arable land was owned by about 11,000 small proprietors. The nationalization law limited the private holdings to 100 hectares (247 acres) and reorganized 29 plantations into 15 state companies. In 1985, however, the government began legally recognizing the right of individual families to cultivate land within the state plantations. The two largest plantations were leased to European management in 1986.

Institutions in Sao Tome and Principe

Reports on Sao Tome and Principe
Sao Tome and Principe - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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