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HomeCountriesSouthern Africa › Malawi

Malawi Country AET Profile

About Malawi

Control of education, including mission schools, is in the hands of the Ministry of Education. Attendance is compulsory for eight years at the primary level. Secondary education lasts for four years. Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 stand at 39.7% (males, 25.5%; females, 53.3%).

The University of Malawi, inaugurated at Zomba on 6 October 1965, has four constituent colleges at Zomba, Lilongwe, and Blantyre. A new medical school was established in Blantyre. In 1996 there were 531 teachers and 5,561 pupils at the University and equivalent post-secondary institutions. Females accounted for only 30% of university students. In 1996 females accounted for 18% of secondary students.

The agricultural sector is drought-prone and experienced severe droughts in 1979–81, 1992, and 1994. About 77% of the total land area of Malawi is under customary tenure—that is, subject to land allocation by village headmen based on traditional rights of succession by descent. Estate farming occupies about 23% of the cultivated land and provides about 90% of export earnings. In all, about 21% of Malawi's total land area is arable. Malawi is self-sufficient in food production (except during droughts), but the population increased more rapidly than the food supply in the 1980s.

Institutions in Malawi

Reports on Malawi
Malawi - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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