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HomeCountriesWest Africa › Ivory Coast

Ivory Coast Country AET Profile

About Ivory Coast

Education is free at all levels. Primary education lasts for six years and secondary for seven years (four years of lower secondary followed by three years of upper secondary). Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 stand at 53.2% (males, 45.4%; females, 61.5%). The National University of Côte d'Ivoire, located in Abidjan and established as a university in 1964, has six faculties. In 1995, there were 52,228 students in post-secondary education, 24% of which were female. As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 3.7% of GDP.

Agriculture provides a living for about more than 50% of Ivoirians and accounts for about one-half of the country's sizable export earnings. Only 23% of the land is cultivated, but farming is intensive and efficiently organized. Most production is in the hands of smallholders, but there are numerous European-owned plantations, far more than in neighboring West African countries.

The main food crops (with their 1999 production in tons) are yams, 2,923,000; manioc, 1,623,000; rice, 1,162,000; plantains, 1,405,000; and corn, 571,000. Sweet potatoes, peanuts, and in the northern districts, millet, sorghum, and hungry rice (fonio) are also grown. Vegetable and melon production in 1999 amounted to 534,000 tons, consisting mostly of eggplant, fresh tomatoes, cabbage, okra, peppers, and shallots. The government sought during the 1970s to reduce or eliminate rice imports, but in 2001, about 1.9 million tons were imported. The economic decline during the 1980s coupled with high population growth has necessitated the modernization of agricultural production, with less dependence on coffee and cocoa. When cocoa and coffee prices were booming from the late 1960s until the early 1980s, the government profited by paying the farmers only a fraction of the money earned from the export of the crops.

Institutions in Ivory Coast

Reports on Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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