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HomeCountriesWest Africa › Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso Country AET Profile

About Burkina Faso

Education is free and officially compulsory for children between the ages of 7 and 13 years; however, only about one-third of all children aged 6 to 11 attended primary school in the late 1980s, and only 6 percent of those aged 12 to 17. Less than 15 percent of the adult population is literate. In the late 1980s about 411,900 pupils were annually enrolled in primary schools, and some 57,200 pupils in secondary schools. Vocational schools had some 4800 students.

A university with an enrollment of 4800 is at Ouagadougou, and government grants are available for higher education in European and African universities. A number of individuals study at Dakar, Sénégal, at Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, and overseas.

Agriculture employs the vast majority of the work force and accounted for an estimated 35% of GDP in 2000. However, only an estimated 13% of the total land area is under annual or perennial crops. Government attempts to modernize the agricultural sector have met with some success, especially with cotton, whose export accounted for 36% of total exports in 2001. In 1999, about 85% of the 136,000 tons of cotton produced was exported. The resistance to improvement has been due mostly to the insufficient water supply and poor soil. Burkina Faso is not self-sufficient in food. Although total cereal production rose from 1,547,000 tons in 1990 to 2,662,000 tons in 1999, imports are needed to meet demand.

Institutions in Burkina Faso

Reports on Burkina Faso
Burkina Faso - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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